ISSN : 1302-7123 | E-ISSN : 1308-5123
The Medical Bulletin of Sisli Etfal Hospital
The Relationship of Magnesium Level with the Recovery of Parathyroid Function in Post-thyroidectomy Hypoparathyroidism [Med Bull Sisli Etfal Hosp]
Med Bull Sisli Etfal Hosp. 2021; 55(1): 33-41 | DOI: 10.14744/SEMB.2021.75983

The Relationship of Magnesium Level with the Recovery of Parathyroid Function in Post-thyroidectomy Hypoparathyroidism

Nurcihan Aygun, Mahmut Kaan Demircioglu, Ismail Ethem Akgun, Zeynep Gul Demircioglu, Ozan Caliskan, Mehmet Uludag
Department of General Surgery, University of Health Sciences Turkey, Sisli Hamidiye Etfal Teaching and Research Hospital, Istanbul, Turkey

Objectives: Hypocalcemia is the most common complication and acute parathyroid gland insufficiency is the main cause of it after thyroidectomy. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the relationship between the recovery time of parathyroid gland function and patient characteristics, preoperative and postoperative electrolyte changes, and intraoperative parathyroid findings in patients with postoperative hypoparathyroidism.
Methods: Patients who underwent total thyroidectomy (TT) with or without central neck dissection ± lateral neck dissection with a parathyroid hormone (PTH) value of <15 pg/mL within the postoperative 4th hour were included in this study. Postoperative calcium level of <8mg/dL was defined as biochemical hypocalcemia and a PTH value of <15 pg/mL was defined as hypoparathyroidism. The patients were divided into three groups according to the time of PTH recovery (>15 pg/mL); within the first 24 hours, between one day and 30 days, after 30 days, respectively.
Results: One hundred eleven patients (mean age, 49.3±14.4 years) consisted of Groups 1, 2 and 3, including 19 (16F, 3M), 67 (54F, 13M) and 25 (19F, 6M), respectively. Vitamin D deficiency rates for Groups 1, 2, 3 were 41.7%, 53.1% and 88.2%, respectively (p=0.018). Postoperative day 0 PTH values were 11.69±2.79pg/mL, 6.92±3.45 pg/mL, 4.99±2.36 pg/mL, (p<0.001). Biochemical hypocalcemia rates of Groups 1, 2, 3 on postoperative day 1 were 15.8%, 53.7%, 64%, (p=004) respectively, and calcium values were 8.68±0.67 mg/dL, 8.15±0.66 mg/dL, 7.75±1 mg/dL, (p=0.014), respectively. Magnesium values on postoperative day 1 and 7 for Groups 1, 2, 3 were 1.85±0.1 mg/dL, 1.77±0.17 mg/dL, 1.64±0.17 mg/dL, (p=0.005), and 1.86±0.16mg/dL, 1.82±0.21mg/dL, 1.59±0.15mg/dL (p=0.001), respectively. PTH values on postoperative day 1 and 7 in Groups 1, 2, 3 were 20.5±6.4 pg/mL, 7.06±4.35 pg/mL, 4.66±3.26 pg/mL (p<0.001), and 31.04±10.54pg/mL, 18.72±13.84pg/mL, 4.55±4.9pg/mL (p<0.0001), respectively. Parathyroid function improved in 106 patients, and permanent hypoparathyroidism developed in five patients (4.5%).
Conclusion: Hypoparathyroidism can recover rapidly in the first 24 hours in patients with a PTH value of around 10 pg/mL at postoperative 4th hour. As the number of preserved parathyroids increased, recovery time decreased. In patients with postoperative hypoparathyroidism, postoperative low magnesium levels may be associated with delayed recovery of parathyroid function.

Keywords: Parathyroid hormone recovery time, magnesium; vitamin D.

The Relationship of Magnesium Level with the Recovery of Parathyroid Function in Post-thyroidectomy Hypoparathyroidism

Nurcihan Aygun, Mahmut Kaan Demircioglu, Ismail Ethem Akgun, Zeynep Gul Demircioglu, Ozan Caliskan, Mehmet Uludag
Sağlık Bilimleri Üniversitesi, Şişli Hamidiye Etfal Eğitim ve Araştırma Hastanesi, Genel Cerrahi Kliniği, İstanbul

Objectives: Hypocalcemia is the most common complication and acute parathyroid gland insufficiency is the main cause of it after thyroidectomy. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the relationship between the recovery time of parathyroid gland function and patient characteristics, preoperative and postoperative electrolyte changes, and intraoperative parathyroid findings in patients with postoperative hypoparathyroidism.
Methods: Patients who underwent total thyroidectomy (TT) with or without central neck dissection ± lateral neck dissection with a parathyroid hormone (PTH) value of <15 pg/mL within the postoperative 4th hour were included in this study. Postoperative calcium level of <8mg/dL was defined as biochemical hypocalcemia and a PTH value of <15 pg/mL was defined as hypoparathyroidism. The patients were divided into three groups according to the time of PTH recovery (>15 pg/mL); within the first 24 hours, between one day and 30 days, after 30 days, respectively.
Results: One hundred eleven patients (mean age, 49.3±14.4 years) consisted of Groups 1, 2 and 3, including 19 (16F, 3M), 67 (54F, 13M) and 25 (19F, 6M), respectively. Vitamin D deficiency rates for Groups 1, 2, 3 were 41.7%, 53.1% and 88.2%, respectively (p=0.018). Postoperative day 0 PTH values were 11.69±2.79pg/mL, 6.92±3.45 pg/mL, 4.99±2.36 pg/mL, (p<0.001). Biochemical hypocalcemia rates of Groups 1, 2, 3 on postoperative day 1 were 15.8%, 53.7%, 64%, (p=004) respectively, and calcium values were 8.68±0.67 mg/dL, 8.15±0.66 mg/dL, 7.75±1 mg/dL, (p=0.014), respectively. Magnesium values on postoperative day 1 and 7 for Groups 1, 2, 3 were 1.85±0.1 mg/dL, 1.77±0.17 mg/dL, 1.64±0.17 mg/dL, (p=0.005), and 1.86±0.16mg/dL, 1.82±0.21mg/dL, 1.59±0.15mg/dL (p=0.001), respectively. PTH values on postoperative day 1 and 7 in Groups 1, 2, 3 were 20.5±6.4 pg/mL, 7.06±4.35 pg/mL, 4.66±3.26 pg/mL (p<0.001), and 31.04±10.54pg/mL, 18.72±13.84pg/mL, 4.55±4.9pg/mL (p<0.0001), respectively. Parathyroid function improved in 106 patients, and permanent hypoparathyroidism developed in five patients (4.5%).
Conclusion: Hypoparathyroidism can recover rapidly in the first 24 hours in patients with a PTH value of around 10 pg/mL at postoperative 4th hour. As the number of preserved parathyroids increased, recovery time decreased. In patients with postoperative hypoparathyroidism, postoperative low magnesium levels may be associated with delayed recovery of parathyroid function. (SETB-2020-12-275)

Anahtar Kelimeler: Parathyroid hormone recovery time, magnesium; vitamin D.

Nurcihan Aygun, Mahmut Kaan Demircioglu, Ismail Ethem Akgun, Zeynep Gul Demircioglu, Ozan Caliskan, Mehmet Uludag. The Relationship of Magnesium Level with the Recovery of Parathyroid Function in Post-thyroidectomy Hypoparathyroidism. Med Bull Sisli Etfal Hosp. 2021; 55(1): 33-41

Corresponding Author: Nurcihan Aygun
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