ISSN : 1302-7123 | E-ISSN : 1308-5123
Diagnosis and Treatment of Transforaminal Epidural Steroid Injection in Lumbar Spinal Stenosis [SETB]
SETB. 2020; 54(3): 327-332 | DOI: 10.14744/SEMB.2020.89983

Diagnosis and Treatment of Transforaminal Epidural Steroid Injection in Lumbar Spinal Stenosis

Ismail Yuce1, Okan Kahyaoglu2, Muzeyyen Ataseven3, Halit Cavusoglu1, Yunus Aydin2
1Vocational School of Health Services, Acıbadem Mehmet Ali Aydınlar University, Istanbul, Turkey
2Fulya Hospital, Acıbadem Healthcare Group, Istanbul, Turkey
3Vocational School of Health Services, İstanbul Medipol University, Istanbul, Turkey

Objectives: Transforaminal epidural steroid injection reduces the low back-leg pain and enables daily activities of the patients. In this study, we aim to evaluate the treatment of transforaminal epidural steroid injection for lumbar spinal stenosis, which was mainly performed for lumbar disc herniation and share our diagnostic experience for lumbar spinal stenosis which is treated surgically.
Methods: In our study, 37 patients were included who were treated by transforaminal epidural steroid injection for Grade B lumbar spinal stenosis in our clinic between June-2014 and June-2018. We evaluated the patients at the second weeks, third/sixth months and one year after the treatment by Oswestry-Disability-Index and Visual-Analogue-Scale and followed up for surgical treatment after one year.
Results: The mean low back and leg pain Visual Analogue Scale was 5.1±0.3 before the transforaminal epidural steroid injection procedure, and it was 2.7±0.1 after two weeks. It was 2.8±0.2, 3.1±0.1 at three and six months after procedure, respectively. The improvement of low back-leg pain mean Visual-Analogue-Scale is statistically significant at two weeks, three and six months after transforaminal epidural steroid injection procedure, respectively. The mean Oswestry-Disability-Index was 29.6±0.4 before the transforaminal epidural steroid injection procedure, and it was 14.1±0.3 after two weeks. It was 15.3±0.5, 24.4±0.2 at three and six months after procedure, respectively. The improvement of Oswestry-Disability-Index is statistically significant at two weeks, three-six months.
Conclusion: The transforaminal epidural steroid injection is safe procedure for non-surgical treatment of lumbar spinal stenosis and this procedure may be preferred support to the indication of the surgical treatment of level of lumbar spinal stenosis.

Keywords: Non-surgical treatment, lumbar spinal stenosis; transforaminal epidural steroid injection.

Transforaminal epidural steroid enjeksiyonunun lomber spinal stenozda tanı ve tedavi uygulaması

Ismail Yuce1, Okan Kahyaoglu2, Muzeyyen Ataseven3, Halit Cavusoglu1, Yunus Aydin2
1Vocational School of Health Services, Acıbadem Mehmet Ali Aydınlar University, Istanbul, Turkey
2Fulya Hospital, Acıbadem Healthcare Group, Istanbul, Turkey
3Vocational School of Health Services, İstanbul Medipol University, Istanbul, Turkey

Giriş: Transforaminal epidural steroid enjeksiyonu uygulaması bel ve bacak ağrısı şikayetini azaltmakta ve günlük aktiviteye dönmeyi sağlamaktadır. Çalışmamızda yaygın olarak lomber disk hernisi tedavisi için uygulanan transforaminal epidural steroid enjeksiyonunun lomber spinal stenoz tedavisinde uygulanmasını inceledik ve lomber spinal stenozda tanısal yaklaşımdaki tecrübelerimizi ortaya koyduk.
Yöntem: Çalışmamıza; Haziran 2014 ile Haziran 2018 arasında kliniğimizde Evre B lomber spinal stenoz tanısı ile transforaminal epidural steroid enjeksiyonu uygulanan 37 hasta dahil edildi. Hastalar uygulama öncesinde ve uygulamadan sonra 2.hafta ve 3./6. ay ve 1. yılda Oswestry Disability Index and Visual Analog Skala ile değerlendirildi. Uygulamadan bir yıl sonra cerrahi tedavi yönünden incelendi.
Bulgular: Hastaların ortalama Visual Analog Skalası uygulama öncesinde 5.1±0.3, iki hafta sonra 2.7±0.1, 3 ay sonra 2.8±0.2 ve 6 ay sonra 3.1±0.1 idi. Visual Analog Skalasındaki iyileşmenin uygulama öncesine göre 2 hafta sonra ve sırası ile 3 ve 6 aydaki değişiminin istatistiksel olarak anlamlı olduğu tespit edildi. Ortalama Oswestry Disability Index’I uygulama öncesi ve sırası ile 2 hafta sonra, 3,6 ay sonra 29.6±0.4, 14.1±0.3, 15.3±0.5, 24.4±0.2 idi. Oswestry Disability Index değişiminin de uygulama öncesine göre istatistiksel olarak anlamlı olduğu tespit edildi.
Sonuç: Transforaminal epidural steroid enjeksiyonu, lomber spinal stenozun cerrahi olmayan tedavisi için güvenli uygulamadır ve bu uygulama lomber spinal stenozun cerrahi tedavi tanısına destek olarak tercih edilebilir. (SETB-2019-12-153)

Anahtar Kelimeler: transforaminal epidural steroid enjeksiyonu, cerrahi-dışı tedavi, lomber spinal stenoz

Ismail Yuce, Okan Kahyaoglu, Muzeyyen Ataseven, Halit Cavusoglu, Yunus Aydin. Diagnosis and Treatment of Transforaminal Epidural Steroid Injection in Lumbar Spinal Stenosis. SETB. 2020; 54(3): 327-332

Corresponding Author: Ismail Yuce
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