ISSN : 1302-7123 | E-ISSN : 1308-5123

Quick Search




The Results of Core Decompression Treatment in Avascular Necrosis of the Femoral Head [SETB]
SETB. 2018; 52(4): 249-253 | DOI: 10.14744/SEMB.2018.47135

The Results of Core Decompression Treatment in Avascular Necrosis of the Femoral Head

Mehmet Ali Talmaç1, Muharrem Kanar1, Mehmet Mesut Sönmez1, Hacı Musatafa Özdemir1, Ferdi Dırvar2, Yüksel Tenekecioğlu3
1Department Orthopedics and Traumatology, Şişli Hamidiye Etfal Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
2Department Orthopedics and Traumatology, University of Health Sciences Metin Sabancı Baltalimanı Osteopathic Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
3Department Orthopedics and Traumatology, İstanbul University Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Objective: Avascular necrosis of the femoral head (AVNFH) is a progressive disease seen in young, active patients, leaving significant disability in the joint when untreated. We retrospectively examined the results of patients with early stage AVNFH who had been operated in our clinic.
Methods: In our study, 65 hips of 46 patients were evaluated retrospectively. These patients were evaluated clinically by the Merle d'Aubigné–Postel Score and Harris Hip Score. The patients were radiologically staged according to the criteria by Ficat and Arlet with hip anterior-posterior and lateral graphs and magnetic resonance imaging.
Results: The mean follow-up period of the patient group was 73 months, and the mean age of the patients was 35 years. Of these patients, 59% were female and 41% were male; 41% had bilateral and 40% had right hip involvement. One of the patients developed AVNFH while she was pregnant, 7 were idiopathic, and 38 (81%) developed AVNFH due to steroid use. According to the Ficat and Arlet classification, 18 hips were found to be stage 1, 37 hips stage 2, and 9 hips stage 3 during admission. From the etiological point of view, 81% of the patients developed AVNFH while using steroid and 19% had idiopathic AVNFH. As for clinical improvement of the patients, the Harris Hip Score increased from 58 to 90 in idiopathic patients and 55 to 83 among steroid users. The Merle d'Aubigné–Postel classification scores increased from 6 to 15 in the idiopathic group and from 6 to 13 among steroid users. Radiologically, according to the Ficat and Arlet stage, progression was seen in all stages. Of the patients, 38.8% in stage 1, 70.2% in stage 2, and 88.8% in stage 3 showed progression, whereas 20% demonstrated rapid progression and needed total hip prosthesis. All patients who demonstrated progression were on chronic steroid therapy. The mean time to conversion to total hip replacement was 27 months.
Conclusion: Osteonecrosis is a disease associated with high morbidity. Early diagnosis can reduce morbidity and improve a patient’s quality of life. Core decompression has the effect of stopping the progression of AVNFH in the early (stage 1) stages, although it has a significant and long-term palliative effect in all stages. Most of the young and active patients with AVNFH still do not have any ideal method for treatment today, but core decompression in the early stages has been seen to reduce morbidity. It is a time-saving attempt before the final treatment, which is hip arthroplasty, is performed.

Keywords: Avascular necrosis, core decompression; femoral head.

The Results of Core Decompression Treatment in Avascular Necrosis of the Femoral Head

Mehmet Ali Talmaç1, Muharrem Kanar1, Mehmet Mesut Sönmez1, Hacı Musatafa Özdemir1, Ferdi Dırvar2, Yüksel Tenekecioğlu3
1Department Orthopedics and Traumatology, Şişli Hamidiye Etfal Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
2Department Orthopedics and Traumatology, University of Health Sciences Metin Sabancı Baltalimanı Osteopathic Training and Research Hospital, İstanbul, Turkey
3Department Orthopedics and Traumatology, İstanbul University Cerrahpaşa Faculty of Medicine, İstanbul, Turkey

Objective: Avascular necrosis of the femoral head (AVNFH) is a progressive disease seen in young, active patients, leaving significant disability in the joint when untreated. We retrospectively examined the results of patients with early stage AVNFH who had been operated in our clinic.
Methods: In our study, 65 hips of 46 patients were evaluated retrospectively. These patients were evaluated clinically by the Merle d'Aubigné–Postel Score and Harris Hip Score. The patients were radiologically staged according to the criteria by Ficat and Arlet with hip anterior-posterior and lateral graphs and magnetic resonance imaging.
Results: The mean follow-up period of the patient group was 73 months, and the mean age of the patients was 35 years. Of these patients, 59% were female and 41% were male; 41% had bilateral and 40% had right hip involvement. One of the patients developed AVNFH while she was pregnant, 7 were idiopathic, and 38 (81%) developed AVNFH due to steroid use. According to the Ficat and Arlet classification, 18 hips were found to be stage 1, 37 hips stage 2, and 9 hips stage 3 during admission. From the etiological point of view, 81% of the patients developed AVNFH while using steroid and 19% had idiopathic AVNFH. As for clinical improvement of the patients, the Harris Hip Score increased from 58 to 90 in idiopathic patients and 55 to 83 among steroid users. The Merle d'Aubigné–Postel classification scores increased from 6 to 15 in the idiopathic group and from 6 to 13 among steroid users. Radiologically, according to the Ficat and Arlet stage, progression was seen in all stages. Of the patients, 38.8% in stage 1, 70.2% in stage 2, and 88.8% in stage 3 showed progression, whereas 20% demonstrated rapid progression and needed total hip prosthesis. All patients who demonstrated progression were on chronic steroid therapy. The mean time to conversion to total hip replacement was 27 months.
Conclusion: Osteonecrosis is a disease associated with high morbidity. Early diagnosis can reduce morbidity and improve a patient’s quality of life. Core decompression has the effect of stopping the progression of AVNFH in the early (stage 1) stages, although it has a significant and long-term palliative effect in all stages. Most of the young and active patients with AVNFH still do not have any ideal method for treatment today, but core decompression in the early stages has been seen to reduce morbidity. It is a time-saving attempt before the final treatment, which is hip arthroplasty, is performed.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Avascular necrosis, core decompression; femoral head.

Mehmet Ali Talmaç, Muharrem Kanar, Mehmet Mesut Sönmez, Hacı Musatafa Özdemir, Ferdi Dırvar, Yüksel Tenekecioğlu. The Results of Core Decompression Treatment in Avascular Necrosis of the Femoral Head. SETB. 2018; 52(4): 249-253

Corresponding Author: Mehmet Ali Talmaç, Türkiye
LookUs & Online Makale