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12 - Scar endometriosis after Cesarean section: a case report
Suat Karatas, Cigdem Pulatoglu, Ayse Irem Kilic, Hakan Erenel, Seyhan Ozakkoyunlu Hascicek, Isil Ayhan, Ayse Ender Yumru
Objective: Endometriosis is the presence of functional endometrial gland and stromal tissue outside of the uterine cavity by the stimulation of ovarian hormones. The most common presenting symptoms are the abdominopelvic pain, dysmenorrhea, menstrual irregularities and infertility. Endometriosis is usually found in pelvis; however, it can appear in extrapelvic tissues such as the scar tissues, eyes, lungs, umbilicus, gallbladder, liver, skin and abdominal wall. Here we present a case of scar endometriosis developed after Ceaserean section.
Case: 37 year-old woman with a prior history of Cesarean section presented with complaints of chronic pain on her scar tissue and a palpable mass. Abdominal ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging showed heterogeneous mass with increased vascularity. Surgical excision was performed and the specimen was reported pathologically as endometriosis.
Conclusion: In the evaluation of masses with a close location to the incision line of patients with especially previous history of operation, periodically increasing pain with menstrual cycles should be questioned and diagnosis of endometriosis should be kept in mind.
Keywords: Endometriosis, Cesarean section, scar
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