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10 - A rare cause of non-cardiac troponin elevation: acute cholecystitis; case report
Ahmet Gurdal, Fusun Helvaci, Mutlu Cagan Sumerkan, Sukru Cetin, Kadriye Kilickesmez
Objective: Cardiac troponins are accepted as the standard markers for diagnosis and risk management of patients with acute coronary syndromes. However, cardiac troponins are elevated in some patients presenting with non-cardiac situations. In this paper, a rare case of non-cardiac troponin elevation with acute cholecystitis is presented.
Case: A 56 year old female patient admitted to the emergency room with pain in the epigastric region. The abdominal ultrasound revealed acute cholecystitis. She had some coronary risk factors and electrocardiogram showed no segment deviation but troponin was positive. Acute coronary syndrome couldnt be ruled out and coronary angiography revealed normal coronary arteries. Therefore, elevated troponin was linked to acute cholecystitis.
Conclusion: Although troponin elevation is a cornerstone marker for diagnosis the patients with acute coronary syndromes, there are various conditions with non-coronary-related troponin elevations. This can lead to misdiagnosis and unnecessary interventions. As a result, in patients with similar sypmtoms (pain in the epigastric region), electrocardiogram wave changes and elevated troponin levels, acute cholesystitis diagnosis should be considered.
Keywords: Acute cholecystitis, acute coronary syndrome, troponin
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