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3 - Follow up processes of newborn babies in delivery room: two-year statistical evaluation
Ali Bulbul, Lutfiye Sahin Keskin, Adil Umut Zubarioglu, Hasan Sinan Uslu, Sehrinaz Demirel, Duygu Besnili Acar, Melek Selalmaz
Objective: Epidemiologic examination of the results of postnatal follow-up of infants born at our hospital.
Material and Method: All the babies born within two years (2014-2015) in our hospital were included in the study. Babies information, physical examination findings, interventions used in the delivery room, follow-up results and existing diseases were recorded daily. The obtained data were compared with the national data of our country.
Results: A total of 7246 newborns were born from 7172 pregnancies, 7175 (99.02%) live births and 71 (0.98%) stillbirths within the specified period. Rate of cesarean section, multiple pregnancy and major anomaly were 41.66%, 1.03% (n: 74) and 0.77% (n: 55) respectively. According to the gestational age, preterm delivery (<37 weeks) was 13.7% (n: 995), term delivery (38-42 weeks) was 84.8% (n: 6143) and postterm delivery (>42 weeks) was 1.5% (n: 108). Distribution of infants according to birth weight was determined as; <1000 grams 0.8% (n: 61), 1000-1500 grams 1.1% (n: 79), 1500-2500 grams 8.4% (n: 611), 2500-4000 84.5% (n: 6119) and > 4000 grams 5.2% (n: 376). The SGA rate in infants was 6.7%, the AGA rate was 79.8% and the LGA rate was 13.5%. It was found that 3.1% of babies were followed in newborn unit, 8.2% were admitted to neonatal intensive care unit and 1.4% were referred to other hospitals. In delivery room, babies were given oxygen at a rate of 7.5%, in 2.4% infants were used T-piece resuscitation support and 1.04% of babies were subjected to intubation and/or chest compression.
Conclusion: In our country, there are not enough studies about newborn babies short-term follow-up at delivery room. The preterm delivery rates and cesarean birth rates in our hospital were found to be below the country values but higher than the developed countries.
Keywords: Delivery room, follow up, neonate
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