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2 - The demographic and clinical features of autoimmune bullous dermatoses
Koray Özkan, İlknur Kıvanç Altunay, Adem Köşlü
Objective: Autoimmune bullous disorders (ABD), which occur on the genetic background and characterized with vesicles and bullae, have high morbidity and mortality rates epidemiologically. They exhibit distinctive features in terms of demographic and clinical characteristics and display diagnostic and therapeutic difficulties. Our aim to evaluate and manifest the clinical and demographic features of the inpatients with ABD, between Jan 1997 and Jan 2007;to document data and review the literature.
Methods and Materials: The medical records of the patients with ABD admitting to our dermatology department between Jan 1997 and Jan 2007 were evaluated. Demographic and clinical features including anatomic localisation of the lesions, associated disorders, complications were recorded by microsoft access database software.
Results and Conclusion: 79 patients with ABD were enrolled to the study, (mean age: 52,96 and female/male ratio was 50/29.) The most frequently seen ABD was pemphigus vulgaris (PV %49,36) and bullous pemhigoid (BP, %32,9I) and pemphigus herpetiformis and linear IgA bullous disease were the least frequent OBD with a ratio of %1,26. The patients with PV had longest duration of hospitalization with a mean duration of 34,2 days The lesions were most frequently seen on the back region of trunk (%60). Oral mucosal lesions were most frequently seen on the patients with PV .The OBD with the longest period before the diagnosis was pemphigus vegetans. Our all data were compatible with the literature.
Keywords: Autoimmune bullous dermatosis, pemphigus vulagris, bullous pemphigoid
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