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8 - Evaluation of children with intoxication admitted to Sisli Etfal Hospital 1st Clinic of Pediatrics
Müjde Arapoğlu, Cem Keskin, Leyla Telhan, Ela Erdem, Ayşe Palanduz
Objective: Intoxication is a common cause of morbidity and mortality during childhood. The aim of this study was to evaluate the characteristics of patients who were hospitalized for intoxication.
Study Design: Medical records of 300 cases of intoxication followed up in our clinic between January 2001 and March 2005 were retrospectively evaluated. The patients were evaluated regarding age, gender, ingested agent., time interval between ingestion and admission, clinical signs and symptoms, and mean duration of hospitalization.
Results: A total of 300 patients were included; 154 of them (51.3 %) were girls and 146 (48.7 %) were boys. Mean age was 4.9 ± 3.2 (1.9-14) years. The most common ingested agents were drugs and corrosive agents. The mean time interval between ingestion and admission was 5.4 ± 6.2 (0.5-48) hours, the mean duration of hospitalization was 2.5 ± 2.3 ( I - 17) days. 154 patients (51 %) did not have any signs or symptoms of poisoning. 24 patients had (8%) ingested drugs for suicide. 20 of them (83 %) were girls and over 11.5 years old. Intensive care management was required in 12 (4 %) patients. None of the patients died.
Conclusions: Intoxication is a serious health problem threatening children. Education is the main principle for both prevention and proper management in case of intoxication.
Keywords: intoxication, drug, childhood
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