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3 - Retrospective evaluation of the patients with tuberculous meningitis for early diagnosis
Tülay Olgun, Gül Özçelik, Esra Deniz Papatya, Deniz Çakır, Mahmut Ekici, Atalay Demirel
Tuberculous meningitis is associated with high morbidity and mortality if there is a delay in diagnosis. 32 children clinically suspected to have tuberculous meningitis were included in this study. History, examination, CSF findings and CT scan were recorded 21 patients were younger than five years, a contact source was identified in 13 patients (%40). Previous BCG had only been given to 9 (%28). The Mantoux reaction was positive in 9 (%28), abnormalities of the chest X- ray were found 6 (%18). %57 percent of these patients presented with stage II and 31 percent of the patients presented with stage III. Mycobacterium tuberculosis was either culture or identified by acid-fast stain from CSF and early morning gastric aspirates in six patients. Cranial tomography scans of the patients showed hydrocephalus in fourteen patients (%43) and basillar enhancement in four patients, Tuberculoma in five patients. The diagnoisis of CNS tuberculosis should be considered in all children with neurologic signs and symptoms of, and risk factors for tuberculosis.
Keywords: Menengitis, Tuberculosis
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