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6 - Evaluation of severely anemic patients followed-up in infant ward of an urban hospital
Ümit Kaya, Feyzullah Çetinkaya, Yıldız Yıldırmak, Özlem Akkurt Kaya
Background: To investigate the underlying etiologies of seve¬re anemia among hospitalized infants in an urban hospital.
Methods: AH of the patients with severe anemia (Hb<6 grldl) hospitalized between the years of 2000 and 2002 in sisli etfal education and research hospital were evaluated for etiologi¬es. For this, complete blood counting and all specific tests ne¬cessary to determine the etiologies of anemia were perfor¬med.
Results: During this period 48 infants with severe anemia were evaluated for underlying etiologies. The most common causes of anemia were as follow: iron deficiency anemia (52%), beta thalassemia majoifl6.7%), vitamin B12 defici¬ency (10.4%) and sickle cell anemia (8.3%). Another impor¬tant observation was that most of the children with iron deficiency anemia had been breastfed for at least six months.
Conclusion: Anemia is still an important health problem among infants in our society and iron deficiency is the leading cause of anemia in this age group.
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