12 - Magnetic resonance imaging in a neurofibromatosis Type 1 case presenting with multiple pelvic neurofibromas
Ahmet Mesrur Halefoğlu, Zehra Berna Arık
Neurofibromatosis is classified into two different inherited disorders that are known as type 1 and type 2 forms. Type I consists of the peripheric form and is also known as von Recklinghausen disease. It is far more common than type 2 disease and is characterised by benign peripheral nerve sheath tumors and cafe an lait spots on the skin. Other than neurofibromas or schwannomas, neurofibromatosis type I patients have a predilection for developing central nervous system abnormalities which include such as optic nerve gliomas and dysplastic as well as hamartomatous lesions.
In our case, we demonstrated a 29 year old female patient with known history of neurofibromatosis type I. Patient had multiple neurofibromas in the pelvis, at the sacral nerve roots and scattered throughout the subcutaneous region. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed characteristic signal intensity features of these lesions and provided useful information about the relationship of these lesions with adjacent structures. Thus we can conclude that it is a very useful modality both in terms of diagnosis and follow-up of patients with neurofibromatosis type 1.
Keywords: Neurofibromas, Magnetic resonance imaging.
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