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7 - The risk factors in retinopathy of prematurity
Aytekin Apil, Ersin Oba, Ulviye Yiğit, Haşan Vatansever
Objective: To investigate the risk factors associated with ROP development.
Methods: 280 premature infants were followed according to ROP development between May 2001 and April 2003 in our clinic. Risk factors were recorded.
Results: Among 280 premature babies 105 (%37.5) were developed ROP. The stages of ROP were as follows: 41(%39.04) stage I, 39(%37.14) stage 11, 23(%21.90) stage III and 2(%0.19) stage IV and V.Among 105 ROP developed infants 21(%20) were referred for further treatment to ophthalmological departments of university hospitals.in these 21 infants 19(%18.09) were threshold disease, 1 was (%0.09) stage IV A and 1 was (%0.09) stage V. Associations between 8 potential risk factors and ROP were assesed using univariate tests. Multivariate logistic regression analysis of the significant findings from univariate tests was then performed. Using logistic regression analysis tests we found that birth weight of 1250 gr and below, and gestational age below 32 week were the most important risk factors.
Conclusion: We determined that the most important risk factors in the pathogenesis of ROP were low birth weight and low gestational week.
Keywords: ROP (Retinopathy of prematurity)
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