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3 - The retrospective analysis of 1965 cases with pulmonary tuberculosis
Funda Seçik Cemal Bes, Levent Dalar, S. Kerem Okutur, Z. Senem Elibol, F. Kerim Küçükler, Recep Dodurgalı, Firdevs Atabey, Hanife Can, Arman Poluman
Objective: Epidemiological and clinical aspects of tuberculosis patients who were hospitalised and treated in Yedikule Research and Education Hospital for Chest Disease and Thorasic Surgery 3. Clinic between years 1994-1998.
Study Design: 1965 tuberculosis patients were included in study group. Clinical and laboratory data of all subjects were evaluated retrospectively.
Results: The study group consisted of 1965 subjects with the diagnosis of tuberculosis. 268 (% 13.63) subjects were female and 1697 (%86.37) were male. The mean age of the study group was 30.4 ± 6.28. Active tuberculosis was diagnosed in % 90.63 of the subjects. The mean hospitalization period was 21.6 ± 4 days. In 1630 cases (%82.95) PPD was found to be positive; while BCG scar was observed in 1004 (%51.09) cases. Acid - fast bacilli were detected in %45.03 of the patients hence the diagnoses was made bacteriological!): In %9.36 of cases the diagnosis was possible with cytopatological methods and in the remaining cases (%45.6I) diagnosis was made with clinical and radiological observation. In %5.49 of subjects an additional disease was also found to be present. Diabetes Mellitus was the most common disease accompaning tuberculosis.
Conclusion: Our findings correlated with the results presented in the literature. Further large scale epidemiological studies are needed for an effective and a sophisticated struggle against tuberculosis.
Keywords: Pulmonary tuberculosis, Retrospective analysis, Diagnostic methods.
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