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3 - Research of the efficacy of topical local anesthesia for hysteroscopy: a randomised-controlled trial
Resul Karakuş, Hayal İsmailov, Ahmet Namazov, Sevcan Arzu Arınkan, Osman Temizkan, Ali Doğukan Anğın, Sultan Seren Karakuş
Objective: Hysterosalpingography is a procedure to investigate the shape of the uterine cavity and the fallopian tubes especially in the infertile women. As hysterosalpingography is a painful procedure, pain affects negatively the success of the procedure and the comfort of the patient. Purpose of this research is to determine the effect of the lidocaine spray application to the cervix on the pain.
Material and Method: This study was performed including the patients who had hyserosalpingography procedure for investigation of infertility at Zeynep Kamil Gynecology - Obstetrics and Pediatrics hospital between 2011 september and 2011 november. Statistical analysis was performed using the SPSS 19 program.
Results: When we compare placebo and lidocaine group in terms of pelvic pain reasons such as dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia and history of previous surgery, there was no statistically significant differences. Vizuel Analog Scala score of the instrument application at the placebo group was 2.5±1.2, at the lidocaine it was 1.2±0.8. There was statistically significant difference (p<0.05). There was no statistically significant difference between the groups in terms of VAS score at the 30 minutes after the procedure. When we compare Visual Analog Scale scores between the groups, we found that the most painful step was second injection.
Conclusion: Topical anesthesia applied to the cervix only affects to reduce the pain during instrument application. Topical anesthesia is unsufficeint to reduce the visceral pain caused by distension of uterus and tubes.
Keywords: Hysteroscopy, local anesthesia, pain
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