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8 - Giant ovarian masses, gynecologic, anestetic and pathologic assessment; analysis of four cases
Alev Atış Aydın, Savaş Özdemir, Kaan Pakay, Ulufer Sivrikaya, Nedim Polat, Nimet Göker
Ovarian masses sometimes can be seen as bulky masses reaching to huge amounts. Most pathologic signs can be attributed to compression effect on intraabdominal organs, vascular structures and ascites made by tumor. After removal of such huge pelvic masses, serious clinical hypotension and inferior vena cava (IVC) syndrome can be seen related to the aspiration of high levels of fluid or resection of bulky mass. Here, we present four cases of bulky ovarian masses by means of gynecologic surgery, anaesthesia and pathology.
Case: 54, 35, 39, 42 years old patients having 20 kg and 40x20cm; 14 kg and 40x40x40 cm, 17 kg and 45x50 cm and 53x50 cm adnexal masses respectively were operated. Histopathologies were found each to be the first two borderline mucinous carcinomas, third one was benign endometrioid tumor and the fourth one was mucinous cystadenoma complexed with teratom structures. On preoperative assessment, patients had dyspnea and tachypnea due to huge abdominal distention, blood gas parameters were hypoxic. To prevent supin hypotensive syndrome and other complications peroperatively, cases were evaluated by anesthesiology and the appropriate anesthesia technique was chosen, no major complications were seen in the peroperative or postoperative periods.
Discussion: Giant ovarian cyst excision may be associated with significant mortality. Most of the problems are due to the size of the cyst and to the patients poor condition. Serious problems in this case mainly develop because of intraoperative blood loss and duration of the operation, postoperative hypotension and electrolyte disorders may be seen. Special attention should be paid to ventilator monitoring and hemodynamic assessment peroperatively and intraoperative fluid imbalance, hypotermia and coagulopathy regulation and the operative approach in the planning area needs to be done carefully.
Keywords: Giant ovarian mass, anesthesia, pathology, management
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