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10 - Congenital cytomegalovirus Infection: a case report
Emrah Can, Selda Arslan, Serdar Çömert, Ali Bülbül, Sinan Uslu
Gancyclovir and valgancyclovir treatment in congenital CMV infection with central nervous system involvement is controversial. A term neonate delivered via vaginal route was found to have dysmorphic facies and a palpable liver extending 3 cm below intercostal margin. The detection of enlargement of subarachnoid space, ventricular dilatation and periventricular calcification in cranial computerized tomography suggested congenital CMV infection. Serologic tests of the patient revealed that CMV IgM was positive. The mothers serology was found to be CMV IgG(+) and CMV IgM(-). Chorioretinitis was not found in ophtalmological examination. Brain stem evoked potentials and audiometric evaluation were found to be normal. After detection of CMV DNA positivity in PCR, gancyclovir treatment was continued for 6 weeks.
Multisystemic involvement in congenital CMV infection should be suspected and in case of central nervous system involvement, medical treatment should be initiated.
Keywords: Cytomegalovirus, congenital, infection, newborn
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